Wednesday, January 14, 2015

The Vitalism of Naturopathy:

[click here, to return to the main document, http://standtoyourduty.blogspot.com/]
.
.
Baek, O.K. (? ?), Ekins, S. (? ?){editor}, Robson, B. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "The Engines of Hippocrates: From the Dawn of Medicine to Medical and Pharmaceutical Informatics" (2009)]
.
"the life force or vital force [p.272...] in 1810 homeopathy founder Hahnemann published his Organon of the Art of Healing.  According to him, the human body functions by a 'life force' [...] over the century following Hahnemann there came into existence a slightly different view of life force associated with several rather interrelated disciplines for maintaining healing [...including] naturopathy, naturotherapy, nature cure, drugless medicine, natural therapeutics, and hygeiotherapy, and most survive today [...] in disease the life force as recognized by both homeopathy and these nature disciplines is typically considered as disrupted [...] the new approaches [...] specifically associate the life force with healthy life [...] particularly in nature medicine [...] the vital forces of well-being [p.247...] our life or vital force [...that] comes from a kind of spiritual source [p.275]";
.
(ISBN 0470289538)
.
.
Baggott, A. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “The Encyclopedia of Energy Healing: A Complete Guide to Using the Major Forms of Healing for the Body, Mind, and Spirit” (2000)]
.
“for thousands of years the cultures of the East have known about the existence of special energies that run throughout and around the body. In China they call this energy ‘chi,’ in Japan ‘ki,’ and in India ‘prana’ [p.026...] the Chinese call energy chi or qi [p.035…] your life force is finite and the manner in which you run your life has direct effect on its state. Your life force is a precious energy without which you cannot life. When you run out of life force, you die [p.040…] ayurvedic medicine […] life force or prana [p.122]”;
.
(ISBN 0806993286)
.
.
Bailey, B.J. (? ?), Johnson, J.T. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "Head and Neck Surgery - Otolaryngology" (4th ed., 2006)]
.
"fundamental to the practice of naturopathy is the concept of vitalism. The philosophy of vitalism [p.2798]";
.
(ISBN 0781755611)
.
.
Bailey, P.M. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “Homoeopathic Psychology” (2002)]
.
“the majority of people remain in the same constitutional state for the whole of their lives. In other words, their vital force will resonate the same remedy from birth till death [...] traumatic experiences, both physical and psychic, can shift a person's vital force to a different frequency [...] the remedy will simply return the patient's vital force to a healthier 'octave' [p.xii...] the unconscious currents of energy in the body, referred to by homeopaths as the vital force, and by the Chinese as chi [p.105]”;
.
(ISBN 8170219906)
.
.
Baker, D.G. (PhD SCU) states:
.
.
[in "A Research Model for the Scientific Investigation of Homeopathy" (2007)]
.
"1.1.3 philosophical foundations of homeopathy. 1.1.3.1 vitalism. Nearly all therapeutic techniques in natural medicine are underpinned by a belief in the healing power of nature, vis medicatrix naturae, or the inherent ability of the body to heal itself [...] similarly, homoeopathic philosophy postulates the presence of a vital energy that is said to govern the processes involved in both health and disease [...] vitalism can be traced back to Hippocrates (460-377 BC) who postulated that everybody possessed an innate power, physis, that, when healthy, regulated all organ function, and, in particular, the correct relative mixture of the ‘humors.' Galen (130-201 AD) also recognized the concept of a natural healing power of the body and advocated that the practitioner needed to primarily support the body’s attempts to heal. Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim (1494-1541), better known as Paracelsus, believed that symptoms were beneficial, being the signs of the vital force struggling to overcome the disease. He believed that the vital force had its source in the 'invisible body' and was responsible for the maintenance of life in the ‘visible’ or physical body [...] a variation to vitalism, animism, was proposed by Stahl around the end of the seventeenth century. He held the view that the soul, (the anima) dominated, enlivened and supported the body. Disease was nothing more than a disturbance in the normal tension (tonus) that the anima sought to restore to equilibrium. In fact, this parallels the homoeopathic premise that purports that disease is a disturbance of the vital force. The contributing influences of Hippocrates, Galen, Paracelsus, Sydenham and Stahl to the concept of vitalism are obvious in its subsequent rise in popularity during the latter decades of the eighteenth century [...] the main proponents around Hahnemann’s time were de Sauvages, Bordeu, Barthez and Pinel in France and Reil and Hufeland in Germany. This school of vitalism taught that the 'final basis of all processes in the organism is the vital principle (Bordeu calls it ‘nature’ while Barthez calls it the ‘force vitale’ – life power).' Hahnemann originally referred to this 'life force' as vital force; however, it is important to note that by the 6th edition of The Organon he used the term dynamis interchangeably with vital force [...] in Hahnemann’s words: 'in the healthy condition of man, the spiritual vital force (autocracy), the dynamis that animates the material body (organism)' [etc....] over the last two centuries, many influential homeopaths have attempted to further define the concept of a vital force. James Tyler Kent, a major 19th century American homeopath, extended the concept to include the notion that it was not only the animator of the material body and simple energy, but was a powerful substance in its own right 'endowed with formative intelligence.' William Boericke, a contemporary of Kent, postulated that the vital force was not 'the very seat of life' but a connecting medium between spirit and body. Boger, in 1932, included both of Hahnemann’s concepts with the vital force as the animator of the human body and also as that upon which we depend for reaction(23). Vithoulkas, a modern Greek homeopath, described vital force as 'the essence of life,' a force able to direct all aspects of life including the adaptation to environmental influences, the animation of the individual’s emotional life, the provision of thoughts and creativity, and the conduct of spiritual inspiration [...] Sankaran, has stated that 'the primary purpose of the vital force is to maintain man in a state of health.' Although many variations are evident in any exact definition of vital force, the reliance of homoeopathic philosophy on the concept of vitalism has remained consistent since Hahnemann’s time";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
(for the archive.org history of this page, click here,
(for its abstract, click here,
.
.
Barnett, L. (? ?), Chambers, M. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in “Reiki: Energy Medicine” (1996)]
.
“Libby and Maggie […] we recognize a common commitment to being increasingly open to the dynamic flow of universal life force in our life to promote personal growth and evolution [p.xiv…] an invisible but palpable life force energy infuses and permeates all living forms. This energy is infinite, limitless, and pure. Intangible, it constantly bathes us. Inaudible and invisible […] odorless and tasteless […] every living thing lives inside of and is inspirited by this force field […] life force energy […] the essence that gives vitality to form […] the primary activating energy of life […] the underlying creative intelligence of the universe that organizes our world and everything in it […per] ancient civilizations […] the Chinese identified this energy as chi […] the Indians called it prana, and the Japanese knew it as ki [p.001…] a subtle yet powerful life-force energy […aka] chi, prana, or ki […] we do not have an equivalent word for this energy in our culture […] this energetic phenomenon […] this life-force energy resists quantifying […yet] it is nevertheless pervasive […] reiki […] is a precise method for connecting this universal energy with the body’s innate powers of healing […] because this life-force energy supports optimal development and fulfillment […] the biological intelligence […] is amplified by reiki [p.002…] the increased and unimpeded flow of life-force energy through the body, encourages healing at all levels […] the [p.005] inherent intelligence of the receiver’s body knows what is needed and directs the life force to the highest priority […] once you have been initiated, universal life energy is consistently available to you, because the initiation raises the frequency of the vibratory rate of your personal energy field […] physical touch inspirited by universal life energy [p.006…] this ritual fine-tines, balance, and aligns the student’s energy system, empowering him to become a conduit for channeling universal life energy […] like radio waves, universal life energy is all around us [p.027…] reiki is an reliable tool for making universal life force available in order to mobilize our biological healing resources and accelerate our growth and development [p.033…] reiki […] its formal definition of universal life force or chi […aka] unconditional love [p.101…] reiki […] this method of using universal life force to nurture ourselves on all levels [p.102…] index […] chi […] see also life-force energy; universal life force (the) [p.123…] energy. see life-force energy […] life-force energy […] see also chi; universal life force (the) [p.124…] universal life force (the) […] see also chi; life-force energy [p.126]”;
.
(ISBN 0892816333)
.
.
Barron, J. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “Lessons from the Miracle Doctors” (2002)]
.
“energy. The Chinese call it chi; yogis of India call it prana; here in the States, people call it life force. Whatever you call it, it can be seen, measured, photographed, felt, and manipulated [!]. According to Chinese medicine, restriction in its flow is the ultimate cause of all disease. Exercise stimulates and helps the is 'energy' through blocked areas of the body [p.137]”;
.
(ISBN 0971919801)
.
.
Bartoshuk, L.M. (? ?), Herz, R.S. (? ?), Kluender, K.R. (? ?), Levi, D.M. (? ?), Wolfe, J.M. (? ?) {ed.s} state:
.
.
[in "Sensation and Perception" (2005)]
.
"Muller believed in vitalism, the idea that there is a force in life that is distinct from physical entities [...] Helmholtz through that all behavior should be explained by only physical forces. Vitalism violated the physical law of conservation of ener- [p.020...] gy, and Helmholtz wanted the brain and behavior to obey purely physical laws [p.021...] vitalism: idea that 'vital forces' are active within living organisms, and these forces cannot be explained by physical processes of matter more generally [p.380]";
.
(ISBN 0878939385)
.
.
Barzun, J. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "From Dawn to Decadence: 1500 to the Present: 500 Years of Western Cultural Life" (2000)]
.
"[the] debate over matter and idea [...] the opposite of materialism takes the name vitalism [...] German Naturphilosophie [...] vitalism [...] the 'life force' [p.194...] references to spirit or principle [p.195]";
.
(ISBN 0060175869)
.
.
Ballentine, R.M. (? ?), Funk, L. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "Radical Healing : Integrating the World's Great Therapeutic Traditions to Create a New Transformative Medicine" (2000)]
.
"homeopathics for rebalancing the overall 'vital force' [p.001...] vital force or subtle energy [p.114...per homeopathy] 'vital force' or energy level [p.100 ...] life energy or prana [p.393...] glossary [...] ch'i [...] subtle energy, the Chinese equivalent of prana in the Indian systems [p.575...] prana [...] subtle energy, the Indian equivalent of ch'i in the Chinese system [...] qi: an alternate spelling of ch'i [p.577...] vital force: the homeopaths' equivalent to the Asian concepts of ch'i or prana. It is this vital force or pattern of subtle energy that is thought to be the primary target of the action of the homeopathic remedy [p.579]";
.
(ISBN 0609804847)
.
.
Barnett, L. (? ?), Chambers, M. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in “Reiki Energy Medicine: Bringing Healing Touch into Home, Hospital, and Hospice” (1996)]
.
“chapter 1 -- universal life force: the fundamental principle in health. An invisible […] […] inaudible and invisible […] odorless and tasteless […] intangible […] but palpable [!] life-force energy infuses and permeates all living forms […] every living thing lives inside of and is inspirited by this force field […an] energy [that] is infinite, limitless, and pure […the] life-force energy [that] is the essence that gives vitality to form […] the primary activating energy of life and the underlying creative intelligence of the universe […] the Chinese identified this energy as chi […] the Indians called it prana, and the Japanese know it as ki chi, prana, or ki [p.002 etc.]”; [p.001…]
.
(ISBN 0892816333)
.
.
Batie, H.F. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “Healing Body, Mind and Spirit: A Guide to Energy-Based Healing” (2003)]
.
“the human energy field (HEF) […] can be described in terms of three different perspectives, 1) the major and minor chakras […] 2) the subtle energy fields or energy bodies that surround the physical body, and 3) and energy meridians within the physical body that provide the means of circulating and distributing energy (prana, chi, ki, etc.) to the tissues and organs of the body [p.005…] energy meridians […] the fine needles used in acupuncture stimulate specific points along these energy meridians to release the blocked flow of life-force energy and thus restore health [p.015…] reiki is a Japanese word that means ‘divine light’ (rei) and ‘universal life force energy’ (ki). In other cultures this life force energy is called chi (China), mana (Hawaii), or prana (India) [p.050…] chi: Chinese word for life force energy that animates all living things – human, animal, plant [p.234…] prana: Indian word for the life force energy that animates all living things – human, animal, and plant. See chi [p.242]”;
.
(ISBN 0738703982)
.
.
Baum, A. (? ?), McManus, C. (? ?), Newman, S. (? ?), Weinman, J. (? ?), West, R. (? ?) {editors} state:
.
.
[in "Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health and Medicine" (1997)]
.
"complementary medicine […] naturopathy […] the task of the naturopath is to promote the conditions for healing, which relies on the stimulation of a vital curative force within the human organism […] an underlying energy or vital force [p.414]";
.
(ISBN 0521436869)
.
.
Baumel, S. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “Dealing With Depression Naturally” (2000)]
.
“Reichian bodywork and analysis, also known as medical orgonomy (orgone was Reich’s term for the universal life force), is still practiced [p.225]”;
.
(ISBN 0658002910)
.
.
Baviskar, K. (? ?) states:
.
[in "Nature Cure in Eye Care" (2005) {poorly translated? badly proofread?}]
.
“naturopathy believes that the unnatural way of living, abnormal diet, unlimited and excessive work, working in unnatural conditions and pollution are the main causes of disease […this] nature cure […it’s] natural treatments [preface p.001…] nature cure (naturopathy) [contents p.001…] naturopaths assert that a disease is the body’s effort to purify itself and the cure results from stimulating the 'vital force' of the body […] it has a regulatory system to protect against the disease called as the ‘vital force’ [p.003…] nature cure is a drugless healing system which believes in nature’s law and according to this law [the] human body has its own vital force to protect against disease. The only thing that is required to control the disease is to stimulate the vital force [p.005…] nature cure is a drugless healing system, it believes that human body possesses natural ‘vital force’ to fight against the disease but one should maintain this vital force carefully. This natural vital force is also called as ‘natural immunity’ [p.012…] excess of tension and bad habits like drinking alcohol, etc. also effects the vital force and, therefore, health is not maintained naturally [p.013…] natural development of ‘vital force’ is very important for protection of eye sight and eye disease [p.018…] as per the philosophy of nature cure, the human body has its own natural ‘vital force’ to combat the eye diseases [p.049…] nature has given a natural immunity power or vital force which always tries for self recovery [p.122]";
.
(ISBN 8180565556)
.
.
Bellamy, I. (? ?), MacLean, D. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "Radiant Healing: The Many Paths to Personal Harmony and Planetary Wholeness" (2005)]
.
"breath of life […] vital energy, prana or chi [p.vi…] psychic or life energy (mana / prana) [p.015…] the life ether […] the collector and distributor of cosmic forces, sunlight, and other energies which it channels as the life force or vitality principle (variously called chi, ki, prana, pneuma, orgone, libido etc.) […] this life force is often identified with the breath, and so the ‘soul’ in some cultures is called ‘breath,’ ‘wind,’ or in Egypt 'atma.’ The etheric body has a subtle anatomy of pathways and processing centers known as ‘nadis,’ ‘meridians,’ and ‘chakras’ with which to channel and process the flow of vital energy prana, or vital life force [p.045]"; [p.028…]
.
(ISBN 0975687859)
.
.
Becker, R. (? ?), Selden, G. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "The Body Electric: Electromagnetism and the Foundation of Life"]
.
"since biology includes the study of our own essence, it's the most emotional science [...biology] has been the battleground for these two points of view [...] vitalism and mechanism [...] throughout its history [...] the vitalists believed in a spirit, called the anima or elan vital, that made living things fundamentally different from other substances [...while] mechanists believed that life could ultimately be understood in terms of the same physical and chemical laws that govern nonliving matter, and that only ignorance of these forces led people to invoke such hokum as a spirit [...] vitalists favored epigenesis, viewed as an imposition of order on the chaos of the egg by some intangible 'vital' force [...] since insisted increasingly on material explanations for everything, epigenesis lost out [p.040...] one of vitalism's last gasps came from the work of another German embryologist, Hans Driesch [...] experiments convinced Driesch that life had some special inner drive, a process that went against known physical laws. Drawing on the ancient concept of the anima, he proposed a nonmaterial, vital factor that he called entelechy [...] it wasn't popular [p.042...] vitalism, through not always called by that name, had been the predominant concept of life science prehistoric times throughout the world, and it formed the basis for almost all religions [...] closely related to Socrates' and Plato's idea of supernatural 'forms' or 'ideals' from which all tangible objects and creatures derived their individual characteristics. Hippocrates adapted this idea by postulating an anima as the essence of life. The Platonic concept evolved into the medieval philosophy of realism, whose basic tenet was that abstract universal principles [the a priori] were more real than sensory phenomena [the a posteriori]. Mechanism grew out of Aristotle's less speculative rationalism, which held that universal principles were not real, being merely the names given to humanity's attempts at making sense of the reality apprehended through the senses. Mechanism had become the foundation of science [...] Galvani [...his] main occupation [...] to link the strange, incorporeal phenomenon of electricity with the elan vital [p.062...] he grew convinced that the vital spirit was electricity flowing through the nerves and announced this to the Bologna Academy of Science in 1791 [...] Volta explained [...] there was no such thing as Galvani's 'animal electricity' [p.063..] as long as the elan vital was ephemeral, all you could say was that you couldn't find it. Once Galvani said it was electricity, a detectable, measurable entity, there was a target for experimentation [...] Matteucci [...] conclusively proved that the current of injury was real [...yet] he didn't find it in the nervous system, only emanating from the wound surface, so it couldn't be firmly related to the vital force [p.064...] Loewi was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1936 [...] his work resulted in the collapse of the last vestige of electrical vitalism [p.067...] the last remnants of belief in vital electricity were being purged from biology by the discovery of acetylcholine [p.082...] foggy vitalism [p.084]";
.
(ISBN 0688069711)
.
.
Bellavite, P. (MD ?), Signorini, A. (MD ?)
.
.
[in "The Emerging Science of Homeopathy: Complexity, Biodynamics, and Nanopharmacology" (2nd ed., 2002)]
.
"the old 'vital force' is replaced with biodynamics and bioenergetics [p.xii...] 'vital force,' or life force [p.009...] the reasoning of the Organon [...] the fundamental factor in man's state of health is the 'vital force' [...] this 'dynamic inner principle' is responsible for onset of disease [...and] the return to health [...] Hahnemann [states...] 'every disease [...] consists only in a special, morbid, dynamic alteration of our vital energy' [...] the concept of the vital force [...] an 'intangible' essence [...] a vital force as something mysterious [p.015...] as Hahnemann himself affirms: 'in the healthy condition of man, the spiritual vital force' [etc....] the reactive response of the vital force [...] 'every agent that acts upon the vitalityvital force [...] vital powers [p.016...] our vital force [p.017...] the concept of vital force [p.029...] the 'vital force' [p.052...] the endogenous reactive capability of the body ('vital force') [p.095...] our vital energy (of the principle of life) [p.199...] 'vital force' ('ch'i' according to the Chinese tradition) [p.275...] our vital force [p.354]"; [...] the
.
(ISBN 1556433840)
.
.
Benor, D. (MD ?) states:
.
.
[in "Consciousness, Bioenergy and Healing: Self-Healing and Energy Medicine for the 21st Century (Healing Research, Vol. 2; Professional Edition) (Healing Research)" (2004)]
.
"Reich [...] believed that a life force, which he called orgone energy, permeates all things in the universe. Reich felt that health depends on maintaining an adequate flow of this energybody energy [p.039...] our bioenergiesvital substance that in structure is the body and in function and perception is the spirit [...] the physiological body [...and] the energy body' [p.148...] acupuncture is based on ancient Chinese observations of subtle energy lines called meridians [...the] energy is called qi [...] ki or chi [p.181...] Alexander technique [...per Hemingway, T.] 'direction is the intent of the teacher to allow the life force within the teacher to be available to the life force within the student' [p.195...] breathwork [...] we inhale cosmic energies (prana) [p.213...] common denominators in Native American medicine include a belief in a life force (called ni in Lakota) or divine breath [p.307...] qi means 'life energy' [p.323...] prana (bioenergy) [p.344...] breathing helps channel prana (cosmic energy)od or odyle [...] odic energy [...] a universal property of all matter in variable and unequal distribution in space and time [...and] interpenetrates and fills the structure of the universe [...and] cannot be eliminated or isolated from anything in nature [p.435...] aura - the bioenergy field [...] bioenergy [...] some sort of energy occurring during healing treatments [...] bioenergy medicine [...] therapies that address bioenergies. These include acupuncture, applied kinesiology, craniosacral osteopathy, homeopathy, flower essences, spiritual healing and others [...] chakra - bioenergy center [p.670...] homeopathy - treatment with extremely dilute substances to stimulate the body's natural defenses [...] kundalini - bioenergies [...that] lie dormant at the base of the spine [...that] rise up the spine and bring about further dramatic spiritual transformations [p.674...] glossary [...] noetic - spiritual, beyond description [...] prana - Eastern word for bioenergy [p.676...] subtle energy - see bioenergy [p.679]"; throughout the body [...] the natural flow of coordinate our inner world of the body and mind [...per Pierrakos] 'we do not therefore have a body and a spirit; we have a [p.359...] von Reichenbach [...] called this magnetic force";
.
(ISBN 0975424807)
.
.
Benor, D.J. (MD ?), Dossey, L. (MD ?) state:
.
.
[in "Spiritual Healing: Professional Supplement" (2002)]
.
"I prefer the term spiritual healing or simply healing [...] defined as a systematic, purposeful intervention by one or more persons aiming to help another living being [...] by means of focused intention, hand contact, or passes in improve their condition [...] without the use of conventional energetic, mechanical, or chemical interventions [...aka] intuitive healing, mental healing, psychic (psi) healing, faith healing, bio-energy-therapy, or any of an enormous variety of other names [...attributed to] god, Christ, other 'higher powers,' spirits, universal or cosmic forces or energies, biological healing energies or forces residing in the healer, psychokinesis [...] self healing powers or energies latent in the healee [p.004...per table] the forces or energies associated with healing [...] qi [...per] ancient Chinese [...] prana: ancient Hindu [...] atua: Maoris [...] mana: Pacific civilizations [...] pneuma: Pythagoras [...] vis medicatrix naturae: Hippocrates [...] archeus / mumia: Paracelsus [...] gana: South America [...] astral light: Kabbalists [...] vital fluid: Hermes Trismegistus [...] universal fluid [...per] von Helmont [...and] Mesmer [...] odic force [...per] von Reichenbach [...] orgone energy, od or odyle [...per] Reich [...] X-force: L.E. Eeman [...] life beams, spiritus [...per] Fludd [...] prephysical energy / biomagnetism [...per] de la Warr [...] eloptic energy: T. Galen Hieronymus [...] reiki: Usui [...] astral light: H.P. Blavatsky [...] L-fields [...per] Burr [...] Ravitz [...] T-fields [...per] Russell [...] DC fields [...per] Becker [...] telergy [...per] Brother Macedo [...] paraelectricity [...per] Worrall [...] psychotronic energy / bioplasma [...per] Soviet and Eastern European healers and researchers [...] biothermal reaction [...per] Sergeyev [...] zoophoretic light [...per] Turner [...] non-Hertzian fields [...] Rein [...] distant mental influence on living systems [...per] Braud [...] love energy: Benor [p.005]";
.
(ISBN 1886785120)
.
.
Benson, H. (MD ?), Stark, M. (? ?) state:
.
[in "Timeless Healing" (1997)]
.
"the energy force [...] 'chi,' the energy that traditional Chinese and other Eastern medical practitioners believe pulses through us and through the natural world [...] there is a life force, a spirit, a soul that breathes life into bodies [...] a mysterious healing energy [...] the ancient Egyptians called it 'ka,' the Hawaiians 'mana,' and the Indians 'prana' [...] these healing forces [p.157]";
.
(ISBN 0684831465)
.
.
Berkowitz, R. (? ?), Romaine, D.S. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "The Complete Idiot's Guide to Communicating With Spirits" (2002)]
.
"your body has energy centers called chakras. Life energy, called prana, flows through them. Your aura is a final, outer layer of energy that surrounds the body [p.060...] spiritology [...] prana is a Sanskrit word meaning 'life energy.' Your aura is an outer layer of energy prana and keeps it circulating through your chakras [...] the prana chakras connects your physical body with your spirit [p.061...] spiritology [...] the human energy field [...and] the subtle bodies energy is the common force that connects the earth plane with the spirit plane [p.066...] energy is a very powerful healing force [p.231...] there is a continuous energy that supports all life on earth. All the world's religions speak of a higher being, an omnipotent supply of energy, that puts life force into all things. Everything is spirit, spirit is everything [p.250...] appendix A [...] prana: a Sanskrit word meaning life energy [p.316]"; that contains your body's that flows through your
.
(ISBN 002864350X)
.
.
Berlocher, S.H. (? ?), Howard, D.J. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "Endless Forms [...]" (1998)]
.
"vitalism (the existence of a life force inexplicable by chemistry) [p.004]";
.
(ISBN 0195109015)
.
.
Berman, B. (MD ?), Weisman, R. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "Own Your Health: Choosing the Best from Alternative and Conventional Medicine" (2003)]
.
"the 'vital force': 'are we more than a collection of molecules?' [...] qi: the vital force in traditional Chinese medicine [p.vii...] the belief in a universal life force [...] 'there is a life force, a spirit, or a soul that breathes life into bodies' [...] the ancient Egyptians called it 'ka,' the Hawaiians 'mana,' and the Indians 'prana' [...] prana as energy [...] like the Chinese concept of qi [p.046...] prana: the vital force in ayurvedic medicine [...] according to the teaching of ayurvedic medicine [...] each time you breathe [...] your are bringing the life force prana into your body (prana corresponds to the qi that is referred to in Chinese medicine) [...] 'prana is a vital life force' [...] 'prana, the life force' [p.055...] 'whether we call it qi, prana, or god' [p.137]"; called
.
(ISBN 0757300111)
.
.
Bergman, G. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "Isms: From Autoeroticism to Zoroastrianism -- an Irreverent Reference" (2006)]
.
"vitalism [...] the theory that life processes contain a vital immaterial element that cannot be understood or explained mechanistically [...] for centuries, Western healers believed that sickness was the result of a disruption of vital energies in your soul [...but with the rise of science] Western medicine has viewed biological processes in a purely mechanistic fashion [...] support for vitalism began a steady decline [p.252...until] the 1960s, when alternative healing methods gained widespread popularity [...these] true vitalists believe that [...] life processes contain a vital principle that is immaterial and cannot be understood through science [p.253]";
.
(ISBN 1593374836)
.
.
Bieber, E.J. (MD ?), Yuan, C. (MD ?) state:
.
.
[in "A Textbook of Complementary and Alternative Medicine" (2003)]
.
"Hahnemann [...] in the second volume [1812], introduced the vital force, and central concept in homeopathic thought [p.068] homeopathy is energy medicine [...per] on the electromagnetic, or quantum mechanical plane [!...] the life force. There is a life force in nature [...] the animating force that directs all aspects of life in the organism [...] the patient’s electromagnetic profile or character. The terms ‘life force’ and ‘vital force’ will be used interchangeably [...per Vithoulkas] the vital force manifests itself in the form of an electromagnetic field [...as] ‘some animating force or principle [which] enters the organism as the time of conception, guides all of the functions of life and then leaves at the time of death' [p.070...] Sankaran […states illness as] a disturbance in the wave pattern or resonance of the electromagnetic field which characterizes the vital force [!...] patters of health and illness […] built upon the foundation of vital force, which is governed by the laws of quantum electrodynamics [!...] the mission of homeopathy […] to identify the resonance […] that the dynamic plane of each patient has […and] to identify a substance of similar wavelength that will reinforce the wave pattern of the patient’s vital force […] by strengthening the patient’s life force […and] the vital force can return to the performance of its primary function [etc…] the wave pattern resonance of the electromagnetic field which characterizes the vital force [...] patterns of health and illness [...] built upon the foundation of the vital force [...] the wave pattern of the patient's vital force [...] the patient's life force [...] the quantum mechanical foundations, the vital force and the law of similars […] the term ‘defense mechanism’ is simply a term of theoretical convenience used to described any set of responses produced by the vital force [p.071...] the defense mechanism / vital force […] the vital force returns the patient to health [p.072...] the natural life force also referred to as prana […] this life force is recognized in many cultural traditions, the Chinese know it as chi and control its flow through acupuncture [...] in Japanese, this force is referred to [as] ki [...in] Star Wars, the force is the same thing [...aka] prana […which] flows from spirit [...] depletion or absence of prana is directly linked to aging and death [p.083...] prana energy, also called the kundalini [...] prana, the cosmic life force [p.084...] glossary […] prana, chi, ki are all names for life force energy that animates the body and the universe, and which, when unblocked and properly directed, can help the body to heal itself [p.089...] life force. See under vital force [p.401]”;
.
(ISBN 1842141341)
.
.
Biktashev, V. ('master' ?), Moran, E. (? ?), Yu, J. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "The Complete Idiot's Guide to Feng Shui" (2002)]
.
"qi (also spelled ch'i) is the life force underlying everyone and everything [p.005...] qi, the physical and metaphysical life force underlying all things [p.039...] qi: the life force at the heart of it all [...] qi is our spirit [...] this holistic force [...] qi's metaphysical or supernatural features defy measurement [p.041...] qi is the underlying and unifying 'substance' and 'soul' of all things. Both physical and metaphysical [...] the force unifying us all [...] the underlying quintessence, 'soul,' and 'substance' of all things [...] the all-encompassing, all-permeating unifying force at the heart of the heavenly, earthly, and human realms [...] both physical and metaphysical, qi is the fundamental, vital, nourishing force that drives life forward [...] qi is the 'stuff' of and behind it all [...] the stuff that breathes life into plants, animals, the mountains, oceans and us [...] it's the stuff acupuncturists stimulate [p.042...] qi [...] it's also known to other cultures [...as] ki to the Japanese, prana to the Hindus, pneuma to the Greeks, ankh to the Egyptians, ruah to the Hebrews, tane to the Hawaiians, arunquiltha to the Australian aborigine, orenda to the Iroquois [...] this invisible life force [p.043]";
.
(ISBN 0028643399)
.
.
Billings, J.S. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "The National Medical Dictionary v.1 A-G" (1890)]
.
"alchianisme [...] the doctrine of vital force as an archaeus or astral emanation [p.036...] anima [...] soul, vital principle [...] animism [...] theory that the soul is the vital principle 2. principle of spiritual agency in nature [p.069...] dynamia [...] force, vital force dynamism [...] the theory of vital force, as opposed to that of mechanism [p.418]";
.
(no ISBN, too old; Lea Bros. and Co.)
.
.
Billitteri, T.J. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "Alternative Medicine" (2001)]
.
"Eastern thought views the mind, body and spirit as a single system, bound together by an invisible force of vital energy called chi [...] sickness comes when opposing forces called yin and yang get out of balance and disrupt the flow of chi [p.025...] vital energy, or chi [p.063...] medical qigong [...] by integrating the mind, body, and spirit, qigong seeks to build up a person's vital energy -- chi [p.067...] chi, or vital energy [p.070...] chi, or vital energy [p.078]";
.
(ISBN 9780761309659)
.
.
Birch, K. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "Vaccine Free Prevention and Treatment of Infectious Contagious Disease With Homeopathy" (2007)]
.
"the vital force [...] human experience is a collaboration of physical and energetic phenomena [...] vital force has an unseen yet measurable intelligence which governs the material body. The vital force maintains a dynamic state of flux within the body [...] in health the human body is animated by the vital force [...] without the vital force, the material body is neither animated, nor has the ability to adapt [...] rather it lies dead [...] in disease, the vital force becomes out of tune first [...] the production of symptoms is an attempt by the vital force to balance itself [...] to remove the symptoms without treating the imbalance in the vital force will only lead to the production of different symptoms [p.008...] to affect a change in the vital force, we need a medium subtle enough, and in an energetic form, to speak to it [...] homeopathy aims to stimulate the healing mechanism of the vital force to remove the problem [...] disease originates in the vital force [p.009...] symptoms are understood to be a manifestation of a disturbance in the vital force [...] taking away the symptoms without treating the problem will result in the vital force finding a different avenue to express the problem. The goal of homeopathic treatment is to support the vital force [...] the secondary action is what the vital force does in response to the substance [...] the vital force is increased [...] the degree to which the vital force of the person [etc....] the goal of the homeopathic remedy is to elicit a secondary action of the vital force greater to and in opposition to the direction of the disease [...] the secondary action of the vital force is in equal and opposite [etc....] the vital force is forced to remove the disease [...] the strength of the vital force [...] after the remedy the vital force no longer needs to create disease symptoms [...] the secondary action of the vital force will be to reduce the symptoms [etc. p.013...] summary. Homeopathy is an energetic system of medicine aimed at treating the vital force of the human with a single dose [p.020..quoting Hahnemann's aphorism 9] 'the spiritual vital force' [...] Hahnemann describes the vital force as an energetic entity [p.037...] this self-healing mechanism (the auto regulatory system or vital force) [etc. p.038...glossary] vital force: the energy that maintains life [...] the vital force is a unique governing principle of life distinct from chemical or physical phenomena [p.405]";
.
(ISBN 1425118690)
.
[defunct]](for a youtube.com slideshow of this, click here,
.
.
Bird, C. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "A Healthy Horse the Natural Way: The Horse Owner's Guide to Using Herbs, Massage, Homeopathy, and Other Natural Therapies" (2006)]
.
"Hahnemann found [...] he released what homeopaths refer to as dynamis. The dynamis is the life force of the crude material. It is this life force that helps restore homeostasis in our horse's body [...] the philosophy of homeopathy is based upon helping your horse maintain his vital force. In any living animal this vital force is the energy system that maintains a harmonious function within the body. When the horse's health is threatened by some other influence, this vital force attempts to restore balance [...] the vital force of the horse [p.131...] avoid using high potency doses with horses that you suspect have a weak vital force due to serious illness or age [p.133]";
.
(ISBN 1592289282)
.
.
Bivins, R. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “Alternative Medicine? A History” (2008)]
.
“[ayurveda's] prana (the life force) [p.xvi...] spirit or energy [..] which is identical with the life force [p.017...] prana (the life force) [p.018...] subtle fluids [...] qi [...] ojas (spirit or energy) is a close analogue of qi in Indian medicine, while aether or pneuma of the ancient Greeks and the spiritus animalis of Galen fulfill the same roles in the West [...] breath [...] the universal life principle [...] the body's life force or vital energy [p.026...] therapies in South and East Asia [...are] designed to tap the vital healing energy and to restore its component substances, whether physical humors or subtle fluids like qi or ojas [p.027...acupuncture's] vital energy, qi [p.045...] Hahnemann [...] believed that disease sprang not from a simple breakdown in the bodily mechanism [p.089...but from] the body's ethereal vital force [...] treatments needed to act on the metaphysical, rather than the corporeal, level [...] in this metaphysical realm [...] he argued that within all living bodies resided an innate healing power [...] 'the spirit-like vital force (dynamis) animating the material human organization' [...] vis medicatrix naturae – the healing power of nature [p.090...] 'dynamis' or vital force [...his] medicines more powerfully engaged the patient's vital force [...] 'by giving a remedy which resembles the disease the instinctive vital force is compelled to increase its vital energy' [etc. p.091]”;
.
(ISBN 0199218870)
.
(for an amazon.com short review of this, click here,
.
.
Bloch, R. (DHom ?), Lewis, B. (DHom ?) state:
.
.
[in “Homeopathy For The Home” (2003)]
.
“[quoting Hahnemann] ‘in health, the life force keeps all parts of the organism in harmony. Without the immaterial life force, the material organism is dead. In disease, the life force is dynamically out of tune and manifests this through symptoms’ [p.020…quoting Gaier] ‘homoeopathy subscribes to an underlying vitalistic theory which holds that intrinsic to all vital phenomena there is a life-giving, life-preserving, life-directing and integrating force in every living organism’ [p.033…] when the warts (the single symptom) are burnt off or painted away, the disturbed vital force of the person that produced these warts will be forced into making more warts [p.035…] in homoeopathy, a dose of remedy of whatever size is sufficient to stimulate the vital force and effect a change [p.113…] cutting away or burning off warts is frowned upon in homoeopathic practice because […] the vital force in the person’s body is ‘suppressed’ and the chronic disease can be driven from the skin level to a deeper internal level of the body [p.242]”;
.
(ISBN 1868728439)
.
.
Bock, S.J. (MD ?), Bock, K. (MD ?), Bruning, N.P. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in “Natural Relief for Your Child's Asthma: A Guide to Controlling Symptoms & Reducing Your Child's Dependence on Drugs” (1999)]
.
“Chinese herbal formulas […] as a general tonic and preventative, we use ‘strengthen lung,’ which replenishes lung moisture, expels mucus, relaxes the chest, regulates qi (the vital force) and wards off excess ‘wind, heat, and cold’ [p.156…] as with other forms of natural medicine, according to homeopathy, symptoms are signs that your body is trying to deal with [p.167] an underlying disorder or imbalance, and therefore should not be suppressed. Taking a remedy that matches the symptoms and strengthens your body’s innate healing power, part of your ‘vital force’ [p.168…] acupuncture – a technique used in traditional Chinese medicine which punctures the skin with thin needles at certain points of the body in order to manipulate the chi, or life force [p.245]”;
.
(ISBN 006095289X)
.
.
Boericke, W. (MD ?) states:
.
.
[in “A Compend of the Principles of Homoeopathy as Taught by Hahnemann and Verified by a Century of Clinical Application” (1990)]
.
“the vital force which is designates dynamis […] the vivifying vital force, the dynamis […] vital force or dynamis […] the vital force is active throughout the body […] the immediate cause of every functional activity […] the formative force […it] controls the molecular, chemical [etc. p.087…] disease is but a disturbed condition of the vital force [p.089…] life, a dynamic principle, animates the material body, and this material body passes away as soon as it is bereft of life-force […] in sickness this life-force becomes deranged […] this morbidly changed life-force [p.095…] the vital force receives the impression made upon it by the drug […] diseases peculiar to mankind are of two classes: (1) rapid, morbid processes caused by abnormal states and derangements of the vital force […] undermining health to such a degree that the vital force can only make imperfect and ineffectual resistance [p.096…] the spontaneous efforts of the vital force [p.103]”;
.
(ISBN 8170212979)
.
.
Boger, C.M. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "Studies in the Philosophy of Healing and Others Writing ..." (2000)]
.
"vital energy. A thorough understanding of the subject of energy is a necessary foundation for the study of homoeopathic philosophy [...per] the practice of Hahnemannian homoeopathy [...] energy [...] is of a three-fold form, spiritual, dynamic and physical [...] the physical in the tissues, the dynamic in the brain and nervous system, and the spiritual in the mind [...] we draw upon spiritual energy, upon dynamic energy, upon physical energy [...] we do not mean that they are essentially different. They are not [...] energy is a store-house of vitality energy [...] we are more particularly concerned with dynamic energy. This dynamic energy Hahnemann called the dynamis, the spirit-like, vital force, animating the material body. In the human body we have present all three forms of energy [...] this dynamis of the human organism interpenetrates each and every physical tissue of the body [...] it is the thing, the power, the force, upon which we depend for reaction [...we take] advantage of this dynamic energy in our homoeopathic prescribing [...] disease, as we ordinarily understand it, originates in a disturbance of this dynamic energy [...] we must remain within the rhythm peculiar to our own vital force [...] sickness is a disturbance of the rhythm of the vital force, either increasing or lowering it, and such sickness is manifested by external symptoms [...] disorder or disturbance of the dynamis which exists in all nature and it shall be our special effort to so train you that you may avail yourselves of the power which we call is called sickness, illness, disease, not at ease";
.
(click here,
(archived here,
.
.
Bolognese, M. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "Homeopathy and Acupuncture" (2003)]
.
"the author describes [...] how the alternative cycles method [...] balances and potentates the 'gentle and powerful' effects of both healing arts on the vital force [p.ii...quoting Hahnemann's aphorism 9] 'the spiritual vital force (autocracy), the dynamis' [etc....like] the Hindu concept of 'prana' [...and] the concept of 'qi' of the Chinese medical tradition [p.003...quoting Hahnemann again] 'the material organism, without the vital force [...] is dead' [etc....] 'when a person falls ill, it is only this spiritual, self-acting (automatic) vital force' [etc. p.004...] the simillimum - the only one capable to bring back the vital force of the ailing person to normal [p.005...] psora [...] a defect [...] of the vital force [p.019...] homoeopathy and acupuncture [...] are both medicines that act on the 'vis vitalis' [p.110...] glossary [...] qi: term of TCM analogous to concepts of other vitalistic medicines such as 'vital breath,' 'vital energy,' 'vital force,' 'dynamis,' 'vital activity' [p.151...] vitalism: in medicine and in biology it is the theory, opposed to mechanism, which considers the physiologic and pathologic manifestations of the living being as the perceptible expression of normal and altered activity of vital energy [p.152...] the author describes in this book how the alternate cycles method [etc....] on the vital force [back page]";
.
(ISBN 8170215323)
.
.
Bonewits, I. (? ?), Bonewits, P. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "Real Energy: Systems, Spirits, and Substances to Heal, Change and Grow" (2007)]
.
"the ancient Chinese embraced the concept of life force or spiritual energy [...] called qi or chi (later known in Japan as ki) [p.038...] basic to all yogas is the concept of prana [...] the life force present in all living things [...] a vital energy [p.039...] mana [...] used to refer to the many different sorts of energy that modern westerners might variously call spiritual, psychic, magical, providential, artistic, sexual, or physiological [p.040...] mystical energy [...] a postulated energy that is both a life force and a cosmic force [...] qi, prana, od, vril, orgone, mana [...] the force [p.058...] qi in a general sense can be seen as the Chinese version of life force or orgone energy [p.155...] psi or psychic energy [...] mystical energy [...] which Isaac has called mana [p.202...] universal life force energy or god force, which is probably the same thing as ki or qi [p.213...] the word spirit comes from 'breath,' just as the words prana and qi. The definitions of spirit as an energy seem to mirror those of qi, prana, vital force, orgone energy, and so on [p.226...] it is qi and mana that are the animating forces that enables creatures to life [p.228...] mystical energies [...] qi, psi, prana, orgone, or spiritual energies [p.241...] prana, qi, mana, or any other variant of mystical energy [p.246...] qi or life force [p.247...] prana or qi or other mystical energies [p.249...] mystical energies, whether they call those energies qi, prana, psi, vril, or the force [p.251]";
.
(ISBN 1564149048)
.
.
Borgerson, K. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “Evidence-Based Alternative Medicine?"]
.
“[if they pass the muster of science, respective] alternative medical treatments […and their] underlying metaphysical view[s] of health that originally produced [or are bound-up with] the treatments […assumably will be] discarded. For example, while certain acupuncture points and procedures might be proven effective in RCTs and adopted into mainstream medicine, the underlying philosophy of traditional Chinese medicine, including the existence of the chi or vital force and the commitment to health as a balance of chi will be lost [p.506…] underlying the six naturopathic principles is a metaphysical account of health, emphasizing self-healing, vital force, and balance, that differs in significant ways from the account of health currently dominating mainstream medicine, and this philosophical gap will only continue to grow as mainstream medicine adopts EBM [p.511]”;

.
(click here,
.
.
Borkowski,C. (? ?), Manzo, M. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "Complete Idiot's Guide to Martial Arts" (2002)]
.
"the Greeks called your body's energy pneuma (air, breath, or spirit) and Asians name this life force chi or ki [p.017...] the more modern martial art, kalaridpavattu [...develops] a strong life force or intrinsic energy called pranavayu (chi, in Chinese, and ki, in Japanese) [p.020...] kung fu practitioners strive to develop their internal life force, called chi or qi in Chinese, ki in Japanese. This entails using postures that can realign your meridians (invisible energy lines) and transport you to a higher spiritual plane [p.157...] glossary [...] chi (or qi): a Chinese word used to describe an individual's life force [p.284...] glossary [...] ki: a Japanese word used to describe an individual's life force [p.286...] glossary [... ] pneuma: the Greek word used to describe your life force (ki in Japanese, chi in Chinese) [p.289]";
.
(ISBN 0028629477)
.
.
Bradeley, F.J. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “Cancer and Miasmatics” (2003)]
.
“the concept of a vital force whose energy is directed towards the survival of the individual [p.010...] a fundamental fact being that therapies such as homoeopathy, acupuncture, herbalism and naturopathy rely on the life-force which always tries to regain the lost health [p.077]”;
.
(ISBN 8170213223)
.
.
Bradford, T.L. (MD ?) states:
.
.
[in "The Life and Letters of Dr. Samuel Hahnemann" (2003)]
.
"'this vital force which, aided by the homoeopathic remedy is sufficient for the restoration of the integrity of the organism, and for the accomplishment of perfect recovery from the most virulent of acute diseases' [p.176...] 'the diseased vital force' [p.212...] 'the vital force having regained its powers' [...] 'the vital force with its self-aiding faculty' [p.213...] in the following letter to a patient, Hahnemann advises him to leave things to his active vital force [p.216...] 'this effort of the vital force to keep the internal dyscrasia' [etc. p.247...] so as to surely affect the vital force [...] the vital force is only suppressed [...] a 'a degree of medical transformation of the vital force as may be necessary for the production of a reaction of the vital force [p.285...] which weaken the vital force [...] homoeopathy, on the contrary, by acting dynamically on the vital spirits [p.335...] 'the vital force of the patient assimilates the remedy more kindly' [p.367...] he thought that the material division of medicine ceased at the sixth dilution, and that after that the medicinal power was dynamic or spiritual [p.467]”;
.
(ISBN 8180562255)
.
.
Brandly, F.J. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "Cancer: Latency Prevention and Cure Through Miasmatics" (1996)]
.
"the concept of a vital force whose energy is directed towards the survival of the individual [p.010…] a fundamental fact being that therapies such as homeopathy, acupuncture, herbalism and naturopathy rely on the life-force which always tries to regain the lost health [p.077]";
.
(ISBN 8170213223)
.
.
Breiling, B. (? ?) {ed.s} state:
.
.
[in “Light Years Ahead: The Illustrated Guide to Full Spectrum and Colored Light in Mindbody Healing" (1996)]
.
“the more we increase the flow of life force in the body, the more healing energy there is and the more health and rejuvenation there will be. The life force is infinite. We are permeated with it as a spiritual force […] it is our link to the godhead and the divine within us […] this dynamic energy […when] we become ‘depleted’ of the life force and experience a lack of health […] a blockage in the flow of life force creates death […] when the vital force increases in the body, we have the capacity to release physical and emotional toxins [p.xxviii…] our own unique vital force, our soul, and spirit [p.xxiii…] there is something other than a strictly physical phenomena that takes place, which has to do with what chiropractors call innate intelligence – what the acupuncturists call ‘chi’ energy – what the holistic practitioners call life force […] if you’re religious, you’ll call it god [p.123…] life force (chi) [p.233]”;
.
(ISBN 0890877629)
.
.
Brenner, K. (LAc ?), Ross, H. (DC ?) state:
.
.
[in "Alternative Medicine Magazine's Definitive Guide to Sleep" (2007, 2nd ed.)]
.
"in TCM, the practitioner considered the flow of vital energy (qi) [p.052...] a patient's energy fields [...] 'other cultures recognize that there is a kind of energy that animates us,' says Kristy Fassler, ND, a practitioner of both homeopathy and naturopathy. 'It's called qi in China, prana in India' In the Chinese model, qi is considered to be the life force that flows along specific pathways called meridians throughout the body. Points of heightened energy along the meridians are called acupoints. Sometimes the flow of qi in the body can become blocked, causing illness to develop. An acupuncturist uses the acupoints to stimulate the flow of qi and thus restore health to the body [p.143...] qi, the life force energy central to the philosophy of Chinese medicine, is innately benign and positive, [but] blockages of qi, both in environment and in the body, can have negative effects [p.155...] the life force itself, the earth that we live on, and all living things are intricately connected to and by electromagnetic energy fields [p.158...] 'the effects of geopathic stress undermine and weaken a person's life force' [p.163...] feng shui [...] can also be used to document the flow or impedance of basic life force energy, or qi [...] qi is a Chinese word variously translated to mean 'vital energy,' 'essence of life,' and 'living force.' In Chinese medicine, the proper flow of qi along energy channels (meridians) within the body is crucial to a person's health and vitality. There are many types of qi [p.167...] vital energy (qi) [p.169...] [...] basic life force energy, or qi [p.170...] qi is 'the animating life force that is everywhere; it permeates your home, physical surroundings, the rivers, roads, trees, and all people.' The goal of feng shui is to constructively employ this qi and to 'disperse, disrupt, or remove obstructions' to its free flow [p.171...] yin is [...] feminine life energy [p.194...] qi, or life force energy, that circulates in the body's meridians [p.195...] qigong, which [p.209] means 'cultivating vital energy,' involves working with one's own qi, or life force [p.210...] prana, or life energy (similar to the Chinese qi). The blockage of prana [...] can lead to illness. Breathing techniques and the duration certain postures are held can help remove blockages to the flow of prana [p.211...] qi (life force energies) [p.219...] qi (vital energy) [p.222...] life force, or the subtle energy known as qi [p.227]";
.
(ISBN 1587612631)
.
.
Bright, M.A. (RN ?, EdD ?) states:
.
.
[in "Holistic Health and Healing" (2002)]
.
"methods philosophically based on the vital life-force energy that practitioners believe invigorates the human body. If this energy is disturbed, an imbalance occurs that results in ill health or disease […] the different Asian methods attempt to balance the flow of this force, which is various called chi, ki, or prana [p.165]"
.
(ISBN 0803607962)
.
(click here,
.
.
Brinkley, D. (? ?), Shumsky, S.G. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in "Exploring Auras: Cleansing And Strengthening Your Energy Field" (2005)]
.
"life essence, called prana [...] pranic energy or life force [p.030...] vital life energy [...] Hahnemann: dynamis [...as] the universal spirit [...] the vital force [...] Reichenbach: odic force [...as] a penetrating force that flows through everything [p.068...] the elan vital, or vital life energy, of prana is named chi or qi in China, and ki in Japan [...] prana, which is indeed, life itself [...] prana is key to all life in the universe. Your body is alive by virtue of prana [p.032..] the vital life force or prana [p.039...] a self-determining, invisible life force - a 'vital principle' or innate intelligence [...] vitalism [p.069...] disease indicates disturbances in the vital force and induces reactions by the vital force [...] orgone energy mass-free primordial power that operates throughout the universe as the basic life force' [p.070 etc.]"; [...]
.
(ISBN 1564148025)
.
.
Brown, C. (? ?), Edlin, G. (? ?), Golanty, E. (? ?) state:
.
.
[in “Essentials for Health and Wellness” (2000, 2nd ed.)]
.
chi – the life force [...] in Chinese culture, diseases are grouped into come category: energy diseases [...] the Chinese view health as an unrestricted current of subtle energy throughout the body [...] there is a life force of subtle energy that surrounds and permeates us all. The Chinese people call this force 'chi' [...] this energy [p.206]”;
.
(ISBN 0763709093)
.
.
Brown, E.H. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “Healing Joint Pain Naturally: Safe and Effective Ways to Treat Arthritis, Fibromyalgia, and Other Joint Diseases” (2001)]
.
“unblocking and balancing the life force […] the paradigm that relies on the body’s own healing powers […] a flow of healing energy […] Hippocrates called the healing energy physis [p.030…] naturopathic doctors refer to vis medicatrix naturae […] the healing power of nature […] Chinese acupuncturists call the healing power qi. Indian yogis call it prana. Homeopathic doctors call it the ‘vital force’ […] healing requires not only feeding and stimulating the life force but clearing a path so this force can get though [p.030…] reflexologists say that a life energy, or vital force, circulates between the organs of the body, permeating every tissue and cells. This energy is divided into a number of zones which terminate in the feet and hands [p.174…] the traditional explanation for why acupuncture works is based on Taoist philosophy, which say that good health depends on a free circulation of qi (life force energy […] this force is controlled by two forms of energy yin (negative) and yang (positive) [p.182…] energy / life force [p.254…] life force. see energy / life force [p.257]”;
.
(ISBN 076790561X)
.
.
Brown, G.C. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “The Energy of Life: The Science{!} of What Makes Our Minds and Bodies Work” (2000)]
.
“the real secret of living energy, and electricity is the true vital force [p.024...] the vital force or spirit [...] the electric life force [...] inasmuch as anything deserves to be called the vital force, electricity is it [p.026...] pneumatic spirits or vital forces [p.057...] breath energy was known as chi in ancient China, thymos and later pneuma in Greece, and prana in India [p.190...] in order to live a long and vital life, people were encouraged to nurture their chi [...] Indian concepts of breath-energy prana [..] the vital energy, prana, flows through this astral body within thousands of channels – nadis – connecting seven energy centers or wheels of light, known as chakras. Health and consciousness can be controlled by regulating the flow of prana [p.192...] ethnographic studies have recorded 'life forces' and 'vital essences' such as mana, wakan, and nu [p.193...] in reaction to the mechanical (and chemical) explanations of life proposed in the seventeenth century, many scientists and thinkers defended life as being radically different from nonliving things due to possession of a 'vital force.' One such vitalist was [...] Stahl [...] who explained life and disease by the action of a sensitive soul, or 'anima,' which inhabited every part of the organism and prevented its decay. This 'animism' was one example of 'vitalism,' the belief that life is not explicable in purely mechanical and chemical terms [...] Stahl was also a chemist and proposed the infamous phlogiston theory [p.219...] the overthrow of the four elements, the extinction of phlogiston, the mortal wounding of vitalism, and the creation of chemistry and physiological chemistry [p.221...] the vital force was a form of vitalism, in the tradition of Aristotle, Paracelsus, and Stahl [p.231...] vital force: a hypothetical force, present only in living things, that powers living processes; vitalism: the belief that living processes could not be explained by nonliving forces but rather involved a vital force [p.258]”;
.
(ISBN 0684862573)
.
.
Bruning, N. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in “Coping With Chemotherapy: Compassionate Advice and Authoritative Information from a Chemotherapy Survivor” (2002)]
.
“traditional Chinese medicine is an energy-based medicine that influences life-force (qi) through herbs, acupuncture, diet, exercise and other lifestyle factors [p.311…] energy-based therapies. This group of approaches focuses on the energy field within and surrounding the body. Although the terminology and nuances differ among the various approaches, the basic principle is that a deranged life force may be at the root of cancer and the side effects. Using energy-based medicines to restore balance and harmony to the life force helps lessen side effects and promotes the body’s ability to control and fight cancer [p.315]”;
.
(ISBN 158333131X)
.
.
Buccheri, R. (? ?), Di Gesu, V. (? ?), Saniga, M. (? ?) {editors} state:
.
.
[in "Studies on the Structure of Time: From Physics to Psychopathology" (2001)]
.

"a vis vitae or elan vital through action of a teleological principal [p.214...] modern teleologists [...per] Driesch [...and] Bergson proposed a principle of vitalism -- that the processes of life result from, i.e. a self-determining fundamental rule not explicable by currently observed physiochemical laws. Bergson proposed an elan vital or vital force as the spontaneous energy of the evolutionary process and defined the mind as pure energy, responsible for all organic evolution, and denying the claim of science to explain the universe on purely mechanical principles [...] this vis vitae [p.217]";
.
(ISBN 030646439X)
.
.
Burger, B. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "Esoteric Anatomy: The Body as Consciousness"(1998)]
.
"the life-breath or prana [p.117…] prana, the life force [p125…] ether resonates with prana, the life breath of the cosmos [p.150…] air is the physical carrier of the prana, the universal life breath [p.151…] prana is the life of a living universe, a form of divine energy that animates all living things. ‘Prana is a guiding, directing, and to such extent intelligent principle, which organizes matter into living forms with increasing degree of freedom and greater display of consciousness.’ [p.160…] the breath of life, prana [p.181…] the Sanskrit word prana, usually translated as ‘vital force’ [p.228…] to be ‘inspired’ is to be in harmony with the ubiquitous spiral of spirit. To breathe is to ‘respire,’ to bring our life-force into a spiral of attunement with the universal helix carrying all force into the cosmos. The fields of force of prana entrain the spirals of the physical phases of life energy. The force of all energy in nature is sustained through its spiral form and, through the law of sympathetic vibration, through its capacity to breathe with universal waveforms [p.230…] the currents of resonance of prana, the life breath of the vital body [p.246…] breath is the carrier of prana, the intelligent life force [p.335…] eat breath, prana, universal life force [p.348…] we thus define prana as the intelligent force which is the living breathing presence of the living intelligence of the one living being of the universe [p.388…] prana […] as spirit [p.417]";
.
(ISBN 1556432240)
.
.
Burmeister, A. (? ?) states:
.
.
[in "Touch of Healing" (1997)]
.
"the life in all things. In ancient times traditional people saw no distinction between body, mind and spirit [...] jin shin jitsu [...] reawakens our awareness of the life energy that permeates the universe [...] the concept of a life energy that pervades the universe and gives life to all things [p.0012...] the underlying energy that vitalizes the physical body [...] a single living force, manifested in every individual organism -- plant, insects, animals, and human beings [...] the ancient Greeks referred to this energy as pneuma; the Hindus call it prana; the Chinese know it as chi (also qi), and the Japanese ki [...] in order to heal the body [...in] virtually all traditional healing systems - from ayurvedic to Greek and Chinese [...] the person must strengthen and harmonize the flow of life energy within [...aka] 'the battery of life' [p.013...] there is a life energy that circulates throughout the universe and within each individual organism [...] when life energy moves through us without obstruction, we are in perfect harmony [...] life energy moves through the body in distinct pathways known as flows [p.018]";
.
(ISBN 0553377841)
.
.
Burns-Silver, N. (? ?), Gulati, S.C. (MD ?, PhD ?) state:
.
.
[in "Cancer Made Easier" (2004)]
.
"naturopathy is concerned with utilizing the vital and natural healing force of the body […] they draw on a wide range of treatment modalities, including: nutritional therapy; detoxification by fasting and cleansing; hydrotherapy; acupuncture; relaxation techniques; medical herbalism and homeopathic medicine [p.195]";
.
(ISBN 1883769450)
.
.
the Burton Goldberg Group states:
.
.
[in "Alternative Medicine' (1994)]
.
"[in the naturopathy chapter by way of ND Zeff] acupuncture is an ancient Chinese system of medicine involving the stimulation of certain specific points on the body to enhance the flow of vital life energy qi along pathways called meridians";
.
(ISBN 0963633430)
.
.